Journal paper
TitleCognitive Autonomy in Adolescence: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of American and Taiwanese High School Students
Issue No.28
Publish Date2012-10
Author NameTroy E. Beckert ;Chien-Ti Lee ;J. Mitch Vaterlaus
AbstractMost often, researchers of adolescent autonomy focus on behavioral and emotional aspects of autonomy within western cultures. The current study provides insight on cognitive autonomy from two cultural perspectives. Adolescents from the United States (n = 330) and Taiwan (n = 376) completed the Cognitive Autonomy and Self-Evaluation (CASE) inventory, designed to assess five domains of cognitive autonomy. Latent Class Analysis (LCA) resulted in a two-class model of cognitive autonomy development across both culture and gender. Taiwanese females and males were less likely to self-rate high in cognitive autonomy areas including voicing opinions and self-assessing whereas American youth had lower probabilities to be highly autonomous in evaluating thinking. Adolescents from both cultures self- rated lower in comparative validation. Gender differences were observed among Taiwanese youth but not Americans. We conclude with a discussion of implications toward peer pressure and risky behaviors.
Keywordscognitive autonomy; adolescence; cultural differences;latent class analysis
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