Review Process


Step 1. Editor screening

The manuscript will first go through an initial screening by an executive editor. At this first stage, the journal editor will decide if it’s suitable for the journal and whether there are any fundamental flaws.

If the editor thinks there are serious problems in the manuscript or it is irrelevant to the scope and the goal of the journal, the manuscript will be rejected without external review.

If the manuscript passes the editor’s initial screening, it is sent out for review to external reviewers.

Step 2. Peer review

If the paper has passed the editor’s screening, it will be forwarded to reviewers. Usually 2-3 reviewers are invited to evaluate the work. The reviewers should be experts in the relevant field. Each reviewer will review and comment on the manuscript. They will look at the significance of the study, the study design, presentation of results, clarity of language, etc. The reviewers will also make a recommendation to the journal editor concerning publication.

Based on the reviewers’ feedback and recommendations, the editor will make an informed decision on whether the paper will be accepted, rejected or invited to revise and resubmit. The editor will send out the decision letter to the authors. It is extremely rare for a paper to be accepted as it is. If the authors are asked to revise and resubmit the paper, they move on to the third step of the process.

Step 3. Revising and resubmitting 

A request to revise and resubmit means that the editors believe that the article contains important information but some issues or concerns need to be addressed. The authors need to carefully read and consider the reviewers’ comments. The revision should be based on those comments.

The authors also need to make a point-by-point response to each comment indicating how the change has been made, or if a certain revision is not made, they should provide sufficient explanation. The authors need to follow the editor’s instruction on how to show the revisions (e.g., highlighting the changes).

After the revision is done, the authors resubmit the revised paper to the journal. The revision will go through review by the editor only, or by both the editor and reviewers for the second round.

Then the authors usually can get a final decision. Normally, if the editor and reviewers believe the revision has adequately addressed their previous concerns and the paper has improved after the revision, the paper will move on to the last step. In order to make the paper better, sometimes the editor or the reviewers will ask the authors to make a revision again.

Step 4. Acceptance

When the paper is accepted, the authors get an acceptance letter. The authors may be asked to revise the paper following the form of the SRMA journal as a requirement for publication.

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