【Research Papers】Sino-Russian and Sino-Indian Confidence Building Measures and Their Implications for Taiwan
Research Fellow, Institute of National Defence and Strategy Research, and Adjunct Assistant Professor, Graduate Institute of Futures Studies, Tamkang University
China, Russia and India concluded several CBMs (Confidence Building Measures) agreements to reduce military tensions along their borders in the 1990s. The CBMs played an important role in the Sino-Russian and Sino-Indian rapprochement after the early post Cold-War years. Recently Beijing has raised the issue of building a military security mechanism of mutual trust across the Taiwan Strait. Due to the asymmetric military balance, it seems that China can gain little from the CBMs agreement between Taipei and Beijing. Beijing defines the military security mechanism as a special (domestic) relation across the Taiwan Strait rather than a state-to-state relation. This is the main difference between the CBMs and the military security mechanism. From Taiwan’s perspective, China has transformed the CBMs into psychological warfare. The military security mechanism is another form of Beijing’s united front scheme aiming to unify Taiwan peacefully. Despite independence and unification disputes, the common denominator in Taiwanese political attitudes is maintaining the status quo across the Strait. Taipei can learn a lesson from the Beijing-Moscow and Beijing-New Delhi CBMs process and avoid the trap of Beijing’s new united front offensive.
Key words: confidence building measures (CBMs), military security mechanism, Sino-Russian relations, Sino-Indian relations, cross-Strait relations
【This paper is written in Chinese. Read the Chinese Abstract.】