Online Gambling Heartland: The Online Gambling Industrial Enclave and Urban Infrastructure in Metro Manila, the Philippines
研究論文 Research Paper
This article delves into the emergence of the online gambling industry in the Philippines, particularly in Metro Manila. Following the legalization of this industry by former president Rodrigo Duterte in 2016, it has become a popular destination for Chinese migrants seeking work opportunities in the country. The article analyzes the various factors that have contributed to the growth of the online gambling industry, particularly in urban spaces such as Metro Manila. Through the use of migration infrastructure, the article examines how the industry has shaped the city’s industrial enclave. The research includes secondary data from China, the Philippines, and Taiwan, and fieldwork conducted between 2018 and 2020 in the Philippines to gain a better understanding of the changing landscape. The study concludes that the online gambling industry is interconnected with technology, institutions, and actors, which have created an industrial enclave in Metro Manila. Therefore, the legalization of the online gambling industry in 2016 was not the sole factor that contributed to the industry's development; the infrastructure and migration infrastructure in Metro Manila also played a crucial role in its growth.