A Study on the Technical Efficiency of Farmers' Associations and Their Director-generals' Personality Traits
This paper constructed a model to evaluate the hierarchy efficiency in the four main subordinate departments of the Farmers' Associations (FA's). Results were obtained through a questionnaire survey, which was completed by upper-level management and the directors-general of the FA's. Through these means, primary materials were gathered regarding the output weights in all areas of operating performance, the repartition of capital, and the sources of non-performing loans. Analysis on the hierarchy efficiency of the 172 FA's and their four subordinate departments was conducted for data from 2010 through 2011. The output indicator was obtained through the AR-DEA model and expanded into the Metafrontier model. Correlations between the operating efficiency of the FA's and the personality traits of their directors-general, numbers of awards, evaluations, years of service and other experience were analyzed. The empirical results show that the credit departments of the urban FA's generally demonstrate better efficiency and production performance, whereas the three other departments demonstrate better performance in rural FA's and mixed FA's. In respect to FA's on the whole, mixed FA's show superior efficiency, followed by the rural FA's and urban FA's. Regression results indicate that a director-general's personality traits exert influence on efficiency, whilst the number of awards, evaluations, and years of service also display a close relationship with operating efficiency and production performance of such associations.