A Study of Trần Thượng Xuyên’s Birth and Death Years
研究論文 Research Paper
According to Đại Nam thực lục or Annals of the Đại Nam, Dương Ngạn Địch and Trần Thượng Xuyên, former subordinates of Koxinga, brought three thousand solders to central Vietnam with the permission of the Nguyễn regime in 1679. They were recruited and offered official positions to be in charge of expanding Nguyen’s territory toward the south. Those newly settled lands included the former provinces of Gia Định, Định Tưởng and Biên Hòa. The purpose of this study was to investigate the birth and death years of Trần Thượng Xuyên. The results of the study reveal that the birth and death years of Trần Thượng Xuyên are consistent in Chinese references, both in China and Taiwan, but not consistent in Vietnam. Trần Thượng Xuyên was born in 1626 and died in 1715 according to Chinese references. However, the references in Vietnam show that Trần Thượng Xuyên was born in either 1600 or 1655, and died in 1700, 1720 or 1725.